Friday, 2 January 2015

Learn, Unlearn and Relearn

Learning Agility: How To Stay Current And Get Ahead
[Adapted from Forbes Magazine article by Margie Warrell]

“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn, and relearn.”
- Alvin Toffler, Futurist and Philosopher

Adult education experts estimate that up to 40% of what tertiary students are learning will be obsolete a decade from now when they will be working in jobs that have yet to be created. Indeed, the top 10 most in-demand jobs today didn’t even exist 10 years ago. To say that we live in a changing world understates the speed of both the pace and the scope of ongoing change.

For the three-plus billion people in the workforce, it’s not just about keeping up with the rate of change and the nature of the work we do, but how we do it and where. When anyone can work from anywhere, it changes the nature of work everywhere. Traditional boundaries disappear and the global talent pool becomes more skilled and mobile, which presents a challenge for people in developed countries to adapt faster to simply stay competitive. Your ability to adapt to change and proactively make changes in your career is what will make a crucial difference to where you find yourself even just five years from now.

”It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent. It is the one that is the most adaptable to change.”
– Charles Darwin

While we’re all born with an intense desire to learn, somewhere along the line many of us lose our passion for learning. The pressure to excel in school with its ever-pressing emphasis on test scores can rob the enjoyment from the process of learning. Whatever the reasons, once the basics are covered, many people tend to stick with what they know and avoid situations or challenges where they may mess up or be forced to learn something new, thus creating a safe, secure and comfortable (and confining) world for themselves. Here, they do their best to mould the changes going on around them—in people, events and the general environment—to fit with their current “mental maps.” They may say they’re open to change, but actually do their best to avoid it. For a while, that strategy can work fairly well. It does not prepare them to adapt to a future that may well require an entirely new set of maps.

When you resist learning, unlearning and relearning, the options available to you can narrow greatly.  When it comes to adapting to change, delay is increasingly expensive as you quickly lose your place in a world forever marching steadily forward.

It’s not about acquiring knowledge for knowledge’s sake. We can all acquire copious amounts of knowledge just by sitting on Wikipedia all day.  

To succeed today you must be in a constant state of adaptation – continually unlearning old ‘rules’ and relearning new ones. That requires continually questioning assumptions about how things work, challenging old paradigms, and ‘relearning’ what is now relevant in your job, your industry, your career and your life.

Learning Agility is the Name of the Game.
Where the rules are changing fast, your ability to be agile in letting go of old rules and learning new ones is increasingly important. Learning agility is the key to unlocking your change proficiency and succeeding in an uncertain, unpredictable and constantly evolving environment, both personally and professionally. There are countless things you may have to unlearn in your job, business and career, even in the course of the next 12 months:

·      Unlearn the designs you use.
·      Unlearn the methodology you use.
·      Unlearn the technology you use.
·      Unlearn the way you approach your brand.
·      Unlearn the way you communicate your value.
·      Unlearn the way you deliver your value.
·      Unlearn the skills & knowledge needed to get to the next level.
·      Unlearn who your target market is, what they want and why
·      Unlearn how to get the most from your employees.
And, I wish to add:
·      Unlearn your Habits & Life-styles which are no longer of value

“To attain knowledge, add things every day.
     To attain wisdom, subtract things every day.” - Lao Tze

Unlearning is about moving away from something—letting go—rather than acquiring. It’s like stripping old paint. It lays the foundation for the new layer of fresh learning to be acquired and to stick. But like the painter who needs to prepare a surface, stripping the paint is 70% of the work while repainting is only 30%.

As the global economy evolves and market forces drive competition for jobs to new levels, it’s the people who have proactively worked to expand and diversify their skill sets who will be the most well placed. When you synthesize your knowledge and skills well, you evolve from a knowledge expert into a knowledge entrepreneur.

“Everyone has to bring something extra;
Being average is no longer enough.
Everyone is looking for employees who can do critical thinking and problem solving … just to get an interview.
What they are really looking for are people
who can invent, re-invent and re-engineer
their jobs while doing them.”
– Tom Friedman, The New York Times -

The reality is that jobs and careers evolve over time, requiring you to adapt your ideas about “career.” Expecting a step-by-step map for the next year, much less 25 years, is simply unrealistic. You have to take more ownership for mapping out a path of your own that may well veer off the traditional ‘career path,’ but which may be far more interesting than any traditional (and predictable) path could ever be.

People who find opportunities in a changing environment are those who are actively looking for them. The choice is simple: act or be acted upon. Since change is the only constant you can truly rely upon, learning to navigate and adapt to it is not just important to your survival, it’s essential for you to thrive in the bigger game of life.


Margie Warrell is the bestselling author of Stop Playing Safe (Wiley) and Find Your Courage (McGraw-Hill), a keynote speaker and leadership coach whose four children provide constant lessons in ‘unlearning.’  


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